WORD Types ... Sound Spelling Meaning
HomoPHONES Same Different Different
HomoNYMS Same Same Different
HETEROnyms Different Same Different
HomoGRAPHS Same or Different Same Same or Different
Palindromes Words spelled same forward & backward
LEXICOINS Words coined by author and others


Author Comments:

Other interesting word types are not represented in these tables for various reasons.

Heterographs - words with the same sound and meaning, such as "boro" and "borough" are too few in number to warrant a table of their own.

Antonyms - words with opposite meanings - typically are not spelled alike, do not sound alike, and obviously do not have the same meaning. They are extremely numerous. Almost any English word has an antonym or opposite meaning. Examples: black and white, hot and cold, and so on. In addition, the prefix "un" converts thousands of words into their own antonyms. Examples: able and unable, do and undo.

Authorities:

Eighty percent (80%) or more of the words and derivatives in the lists came from the author's personal recall. Some words were found by combing a dictionary noted below. Many words, like "baud" and "byte" have entered the language recently and do not appear in older lexicons.

Authority 1 = Webster's New Twentieth Century Dictionary of The English Language, Unabridged Second Edition, The World Publishing Co., Cleveland and New York, 1969, numerous copyrights from 1936 - 1968

Authority 2 = The American Heritage Dictionary, Second College Edition, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, © 1976, ISBN 0-395-32944-2 LOC No. 82-9346


The following sources provided the basis for classification of words into types.

1 = Webster's New Twentieth Century Dictionary Unabridged
1- homophone = same sound from "homos" & "phone"
1- homonym = same pronunciation from "homos" & "onyma"
1- homograph = of the same letter from "homos" & "graphein

2 = Wikipedia.com 2006 09 10
2 - A homophone is a word that has the same pronunciation as another word, but a different meaning.
2 - A homonym is a word that has the same pronunciation and spelling as another word, but a different meaning.
2 - A heteronym, namely a form of homonym, words that are spelt alike but differ in pronunciation and meaning
2 - A homograph is a word that has the same spelling as another word, but a different meaning.

3 - http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/homophone [Merriam-Webster]
3 - homophone: one of two or more words pronounced alike but different in meaning or derivation or spelling (as the words to, too, and two)
3 - homonym: one of two or more words spelled and pronounced alike but different in meaning (as the noun quail and the verb quail)
3 - heteronym: one of two or more homographs (as a bass voice and bass, a fish) that differ in pronunciation and meaning
3 - homograph: one of two or more words spelled alike but different in meaning or derivation or pronunciation (as the bow of a ship, a bow and arrow)

http://www.yourdictionary.com/ahd/h/h0257000.html
4 - homophone: One of two or more words, such as night and knight, that are pronounced the same but differ in meaning, origin, and sometimes spelling.
4 - homonym: One of two or more words that have the same sound and often the same spelling but differ in meaning, such as bank (embankment) and bank (place where money is kept).
4 - heteronym: One of two or more words that have identical spellings but different meanings and pronunciations, such as row (a series of objects arranged in a line), pronounced (r), and row (a fight), pronounced (rou).
4 - homograph: One of two or more words that have the same spelling but differ in origin, meaning, and sometimes pronunciation, such as fair (pleasing in appearance) and fair (market) or wind (wnd) and wind (wnd).

5 - The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.
5 - homophone: One of two or more words, such as night and knight, that are pronounced the same but differ in meaning, origin, and sometimes spelling. One of two or more words, such as night and knight, that are pronounced the same but differ in meaning, origin, and sometimes spelling.
5 - homonym: One of two or more words that have the same sound and often the same spelling but differ in meaning, such as bank (embankment) and bank (place where money is kept)
5 - heteronym: One of two or more words that have identical spellings but different meanings and pronunciations, such as row (a series of objects arranged in a line), pronounced (r), and row (a fight), pronounced (rou).
5 - homograph: One of two or more words that have the same spelling but differ in origin, meaning, and sometimes pronunciation, such as fair (pleasing in appearance) and fair (market) or wind (wnd) and wind (wnd).

6 - http://www.ultralingua.com/onlinedictionary/
6 - homophone: Two words are homophones if they are pronounced the same way but differ in meaning or spelling or both (e.g. bare and bear)
6 - homonym: Two words are homonyms if they are pronounced or spelled the same way but have different meanings.
6 - heteronym: Two words are heteronyms if they are spelled the same way but differ in pronunciation (e.g. bow).
6 - homograph: Two words are homographs if they are spelled the same way but differ in meaning (e.g. fair)


Copyright Notice All the words in this list are in the Public Domain. The design of this presentation is copyright ©2006 by Wayne Hepburn. Use and distribution of this file is permitted for nonprofit purposes only. Spreadsheets may not be posted on web sites nor distributed in printed form except extracts for use by students in recognized education establishments. If you want to publish a table do the work and make your own.


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