500-100 BC |
An early Celtic presence in what is now Hesse is indicated by a mid 5th century BC La Tène
style burial uncovered at Glauberg. The region was later settled by the Germanic Chatti tribe in
ca. the 1st century BC, and the name Hesse is a continuation of that tribal name. In the early
Middle Ages, a Frankish gau comprising an area around Fritzlar and Kassel and a Saxon one further
north were known as Hessengau. In the 9th century the Saxon Hessengau also came under the rule of
the Franconians. In the 12th century it was passed to Thuringia.
In the War of the Thuringian Succession (1247-64), Hesse gained its independence and became a
Landgraviate within the Holy Roman Empire.
The Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel (German: Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel) or Hesse-Cassel was a
Reichsfrei principality of the Holy Roman Empire that came into existence when the Landgraviate
of Hesse was divided in 1567 upon the death of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. His eldest son
William IV inherited the northern half and the capital of Kassel. The other sons received the
Landgraviate of Hesse-Marburg, the Landgraviate of Hesse-Rheinfels and the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt.
1715 Walter von der Burg
was born at Hessen-Kassel or Hesse-Cassel, a Reichsfrei principality of the Holy Roman Empire.
1738 Emigration to America
Walter, accompanied by Peter who was twelve years older, relationship undetermined, arrived in
Philadelphia in 1738 where they were baptized into the German Baptist Church of the Brethren.
The Germantown area of Philadelphia still exists in 2007.
From Philadelphia, Walter migrated to the new Frederick County, Maryland, formed from Baltimore
County in 1750, and settled on land near what today is Hagerstown, Maryland in Washington County.
His children were born in Maryland. Walter lived out his life in Frederick County and died in
1778, ten years prior to Maryland statehood and ratification of the US Constitution.
1810 Migration to Ohio
Walter's eighth child, Noah Funderburgh [Anglicized form of the name] migrated to the new State of Ohio
in 1810. He settled in Perry County and established the family line in Ohio. His descendants are
numerous in the Perry and Licking Counties area.
Noah Funderburg's grandson Jacob Ruel Fundaberg altered the name spelling for reasons unknown.
The other members of the family retained the Funderburg spelling.
Historical maps sourced or adapted from Wikipedia.org, Theodora.com and Maryland archival sites.
The US outline map at right depicts states in blue, except Ohio in red for easy identification.
When Noah Funderburg arrived in 1810, Ohio had already attained statehood. The area in which
he settled is enclosed in the red square on the Ohio state map.
Holy Roman Empire 1400-1806
Flag of Philadelphia [current]
Flag of Maryland [current]
Flag of Ohio [current]
Name Origin & Heraldic Arms
Fundaberg adapted by author from various sources
Berg I by flagsandcrests.com
Berg II by flagsandcrests.com
Berg III by houseofnames.com
Burg [French] by flagsandcrests.com
Burg at engle-family.org [same as Rhineland-Palatinate]
Hesse from Wikimedia
Kassel from Wikimedia
That is quite a series of armorial bearings and needs some explanation. I, the author of this family
history site, have adapted and adopted the design of castles and falcons since it is the only arms
I could find directly related to Fundaberg/Funderburg. Fundaberg is a derivation from Funderburg which is derived from "von der Burg".
Therefore, the Berg and Burg arms are included since "von der" essentially means "from the".
The final two are current arms for the region where Walter von der Burg was born: Hessen-Cassel.
An extract from text at House of Names [www.houseofnames.com] regales us with this boilerplate
for the meanings of the basic surnames:
Spelling variations of the name BERG include Berg, Bergh, Berghe, Bergg, Berge,
Bergge, Burg, Burgh and many more.
First found in the Rhineland where this family name became a prominent contributor to the development of the
district from ancient times.
The great European flow of migration to North America, which began in the
middle of the 17th century and continued into the 20th century, was particularly
attractive to those from the Rhineland who wished to escape either poverty or religious persecution. Many of those who
left the Rhineland to seek their fortunes in the prosperous and free New World settled in the major
urban centers of the United States and Canada. In the United States, the
settlers from the Rhineland passed through immigration centers like that of Ellis
Island, most of them moving on to Pennsylvania, Ohio, Texas, Illinois,
California, and New York. In Canada, the majority of Rhinelanders settled in
Ontario and the prairie provinces. An examination of passenger and immigration
lists has revealed many important settlers to North America bearing the name
BERG, or one of its variants above.
Citations: The Hans Hanson Berg Family History by Nancy Stout Larson.
A Line of Descendants and Ancestors of Josiah Burge (including the Berg
Family) a Revolutionary Patriot by Joan A. Hoelaars.
BURG [French version]
Variations of the name include Bourg, Bourge, Bourgue, Bourges, Bourgues,
Bourgg, Burg, Burge, Burgue, Burges, Burgues, Borg, Borge, Borgue, Borgues, de
Bourg, de Bourge, de Bourgue, de la Bourg, de la Bourgue, de la Bourge, De
Bourg, du Bourg, Bourgeat, Bourgeix, Bourgeault and many more.
First found in Languedoc where the family were seated since ancient times.
Approximately 110 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only
about 300 people in Quebec. France gave land incentives for 2,000 migrants
during the next decade. Early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the
immigrants. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. 15,000
explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries. By 1675, there were
7000 French in Quebec. Migration to New France (Quebec) continued from France
until it fell in 1759. In the year 1675 the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New
Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French
Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported to
Louisiana. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great
founding nations of Canada. The distinguished family name BURG has made
significant contributions to the culture, arts, sciences and religion of France
and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished
name BURG were Jean-Baptiste Bourg, who married Angélique Becquet in 1722 in
Québec; as well as Joseph Bourg, who married Madeleine Blanchard in Québec in
Search For Ancestors [http://www.searchforancestors.com/surnames/origin/b/burg.php]
has this to say:
Burg Surname Origin
In all the Teutonic languages signifies a hill, a fortification, tower, castle, house, city,
and nearly so in the Armoric and Welsh. Source: An Etymological Dictionary of Family and
Christian Names With an Essay on their Derivation and Import;
Arthur, William, M.A.; New York, NY: Sheldon, Blake, Bleeker & CO., 1857.
Ancestry.com [www.ancestry.com] supplies this information:
German (also Bürg): topographic name, from Middle High German burc ‘fortification’, ‘castle’,
or a habitational name from any of the numerous places called Burg.
German: from a short form of the personal name Burkhard (see Burkhart).
Dutch: short form of Vanderburg.
Dutch: from a short form of the Germanic personal name Burgo.
Jewish: variant of Burger.
Probably in some cases an altered spelling of Burgh.
Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-508137-4
Behind The Name [http://surnames.behindthename.com/php/browse.php?letter=b]
Usage: German, Swedish
It means "mountain" in the Germanic languages.
Usage: English, Irish
Derived from Middle English burk, meaning "fort or fortified town". It was brought to Ireland
in the 12th century by the Norman invader William FitzAdelm de Burgo.
Members of the family delineated in this history seem to accept the meaning "from the castle" as
pertaining to persons who were perhaps employed in some capacity by the sovereign.