Robichaux Family Origins & Migration
The earliest recorded of our Robichaux ancestors is Louis, born in France in 1609. Various
sources say he was born at LaChausée. Above is a map of France showing the location of
villages named LaChausée. Pick one.
Further research claims Louis was born at or in: Martaize, Vienne, or Loudon. As it turns out, all
of those places are located in the
Vienne Arrondissment in the region of
Poitou-Charentes on the above map.
One of the villages named LaChausée is right there near Poitiers, Martaize & Loudun, in the
Poitou-Charentes region. It must
here where Louis Robichaux was born.
Further illuminating the subject, and the likelihood that we have identified the correct place,
here is an extract from a wikipedia.com article about Poitou-Charentes.
"Poitou was a province of France whose capital city was Poitiers.
The region of Poitou was even called Thifalia (or Theiphalia) in the sixth century. There is a
marshland called the Poitevin marsh (French Marais Poitevin) on the gulf of Poitou, on the west
coast of France, just north of La Rochelle.
Many of the Acadians who settled in what is now Nova Scotia beginning in 1604 and later to
New Brunswick, came from the region of Poitou. After the Acadians were deported by the
British beginning in 1755, a number of Acadians eventually took refuge in Poitou.
A large portion of these refugees also migrated to Louisiana in 1785 and following years
became known as Cajuns (see Cajuns)."
Louis emigrated from Royalist France to Quebec with his wife Marie and only
known child Etienne born 1639 in France. The journey must have been after 1939
and before Louis died in Quebec in 1649.
Etienne was age 10 when his father died. He either later relocated to Port Royale
before 1663, which is when he married Francoise Boudreaux there, or he and his mother
were not in Quebec with Louis when he died.
Etienne's son Prudent Robichaux was born, lived, and died in L'Acadie.
Prudent's son Joseph, with wife Marie and son Amable, arrived in Halifax in 1763 from ...
where? Possibly from France after repatriation following Acadian expulsion by British.
Joseph and Marie reportedly died in Montreal; their sone Amable in St James, Louisiana
(German Coast, New France).
Amable Joseph Robichaux was in Halifax as late as 1762 when son Jean Baptiste was born, then
moved on to German Coast in Louisiana during or following the Acadian Expulsion.
Amable's son Louis Eugene (Eusebe) Robichaux was born at St James, Louisiana, in the German Coast
area, 1765, the year before his father died. Loius Eugene spent time in Donaldsonville and Plattenville, settling at some point in
Thibodaux, Louisiana where he died in 1825 after statehood occurred.
Louis Eugene's daughter Madeleine Carmelite Robichaux married Zenon Chauvin and that is how
the Robichaux lineage is ours.
1630s Louis Robichaux emigrated from Roylaist France to Quebec.
About 1660 Etienne Robichaux migrated from Quebec to Port Royale.
About 1763 Amable Joseph Robichaux migrated from Halifax to German Coast, Louisiana
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The German Coast was a region of the early Louisiana settlement located above New Orleans
on the Mississippi River — specifically, in St. John the Baptist, St. Charles and
St. James parishes of present-day Acadiana. Its name derives from the large population
of German pioneers, who were settled in 1721 by John Law, and the Company of the Indies.
When the company folded in 1731, the Germans became independent land-owners.
Despite periodic flooding, hurricanes, and the rigors of frontier life, the German
pioneers made a success of their settlement. Their farming endeavors provided food not
only for themselves but also for New Orleans' residents. Some historians credit these
German farmers with the early survival of New Orleans.
In 1768 joined with Acadians from the Cabannocé Post area to march on New Orleans and
overthrow Spanish colonial governor Antonio de Ulloa. The German and Acadian settlers
united again, under Spanish colonial governor Bernardo de Gálvez, to fight the British
during the American Revolution.
Most of the German Coast settlers hailed from the Rhineland region of Germany and the
German-speaking cantons of Switzerland, and at other places today bearing their name,
Bayou des Allemands and Lac des Allemands ("Germans' Bayou" and "Germans' Lake," in French).
However these areas were not solely settled by people from Germany or Acadia, in fact
many of the "Germans" came from the largely German-speaking region of Alsace-Lorraine in
France and some from Switzerland and Belgium.
Eventually, the Germans immigrants intermarried with the Acadians and their descendants,
began to speak French, and were transformed along with the Acadians and other regional
settlers into the Cajun culture. As an example, German settlers had introduced the
diatonic accordion to the region, which would become a predominant instrument in Cajun
music by the early 1900s.
Above: Map of Louisiana as it exists in 2007. The darker brown areas represent what
is considered "Acadiana" by the parishes so identified. The gold colored
parishes constitute what was known as German Coast in New France.
In French it was called Cotes des Allemands - coast of the Germans. The town of
Des Allemands and Bayou Des Allemands are remnants of the area name. The State of Louisiana
recognizes the Acadian region and culture with its own flag.
[ Des Allemands is pronounced Dez-ahmm. ]
Robichaux Family Arms & Name
French: probably an altered spelling of Robichon or Roubichou, pet forms of Robert.
Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-508137-4 at ancestry.com.
The history of the ROBICHAUX family goes back to the Medieval landscape of northwestern France,
to a region known as Brittainy. Hence, the name, ROBICHAUX, can be found in the records as
Robichon, Robichau, Robichaud, Robichauld, Robichault, Robicheau, Robichou, Robichoud and many
more. Approximately 110 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300
people in Quebec. France gave land incentives for 2,000 migrants during the next decade. Early
marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. The fur trade attracted migrants,
both noble and commoner. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries.
By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. Migration to New France (Quebec) continued from
France until it fell in 1759. In the year 1675 the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick
and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath
of allegiance to England and were deported to Louisiana. Amongst the settlers in North America
with this distinguished name ROBICHAUX were Louis Robichaud (born circa 1606, in La Chaussee France-
died Jan. 3, 1649 in Quebec), who came to Port Royal, Acadia; Etienne Robichaud, who was on
record in Acadia in about 1660.
House of Names.com
Arms of Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cornwall, preferred by people of Poitou.
Arms of Alfonse of Toulouse, Count of Poitou, traditional arms of Poitou-Charentes.
Adaptation of Robichaux Arms found at www.acadian.org
Adaptation of Robichaux Arms found at House of Names.com
Robichaux Families in US Census Enumerations